Nigeria records seven deaths and 105 infections in two weeks

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Nigeria has recorded 105 confirmed Lassa fever infections and seven deaths as of the second week of 2022.

He Nigerian Center for Disease Control (NCDC) disclosed in its latest status report posted Tuesday on its website, noting that the number of new confirmed cases increased from 30 in week one to 77 cases in week two of 2023.

The report showed that confirmed cases in week two, from January 9 to 15, were reported in Ondo, Edo, Ebonyi, Bauchi, Benue, Kogi, Imo, Oyo and Nasarawa states.

Cumulatively, the NCDC noted that from week one through week two, there were seven deaths with a case fatality ratio (CFR) of 7.8%, which is lower than the CFR for the same period in 2022 (11.5 %).

According to the NCDC, the trio of Ondo, Edo and Bauchi states accounted for 84 percent of all confirmed Lassa fever cases.

Edo state reported 39 percent, while Ondo and Bauchi states accounted for 37 percent and eight percent, respectively.

The NCDC also noted that no new healthcare workers were affected in the reporting week, adding that the number of suspected cases has decreased compared to that reported for the same period in 2022.

Lassa fever

Lassa fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease (excessive bleeding) that is transmitted to humans through contact with food or household items contaminated by infected rodents or contaminated people.

Its symptoms include fever, headache, sore throat, general body weakness, cough, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aches, chest pain, and, in severe cases, unexplained bleeding from the ears, eyes, nose, mouth, and other body openings.

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