Pakistan contains a good part of ancient history, one of the prominent treasures is Taxila. Taxila is a very important archaeological site, located in the Rawalpindi district of the Punjab province of Pakistan. It has a large serial site that includes a Mesolithic cave and remains of four early civilization sites.
Taxila is a city of the Gandhara civilization, known as the capital and center of Buddhism. It was a main point to learn an urban metropolis and a meeting point for various cultures, such as the Achaemenids, Greeks, Maurians, Scythians, Parthians, Kushans, Huns and, finally, the Muslims.
At mid 19th century, Sir Alexander Cunningham rediscovered the
Taxila devastations. In 1980, it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
In 2006, The Guardian ranked Taxila as the top tourist spot in Pakistan.
The Taxila University was considered one of the oldest universities by
some people. Taxila illustrates the different stages in the development of a
city controlled by Greece, Persia and Central Asia.
The city was destroyed by the Kushans, a tribe from Central Asia, in 1S t century. Taxila’s serial site includes
A series of Buddhist monasteries, stupas from different periods and the Khanpur cave also. Buddhist monuments were built throughout the Taxila valley, and
revolutionized it in a religious center and destination for pilgrims from
Central Asia and China.
There are 5 small stupas in Taxila. The first is the Dharma ajika stupa. Jaulian is another glorious compound of chapels, stupas, and a monastery with an auditorium, refectory, kitchen, and baths and warehouses that are still very well preserved. Two miles west of Jaulian there is another well-kept monastery at Mohra Moradu. In Jandial, a mile and a half from Sirsukh, there is a temple without images in the classic Greek style, with sandstone architecture. The Giri complex includes the remains of the Muslim mosque, Ziarat and Madrassa from medieval times.
Taxila was ruled by Alexander the Great in 327 BC. C., after which it was assumed by the
Mauryans. Towards the end, it came under the rule of the eminent ruler Asoka for moment when it reached the peak of its development and culture. The last
The notable historical period for Taxila was the Gandhara period. During that
time when Taxila became a world-renowned center for art and philosophy. For being a center for Buddhism, Buddhists from all over the world, especially China and Greece come to visit the stupas.
The oldest university in the world
One of the oldest recognized universities in the world is also present in Taxila. This university came in the Gandhara period. At one point it had 10,500 students, including from Babylon, Greece, Syria, and China. Experienced and capable teachers taught languages, Vedas, philosophy, medicine, documentations, accounts, commerce, music, performing arts, politics, and complex mathematical calculations.
After visiting Jaulian and Sirkap, you will be the best option to see the museum, which is well preserved and organized. The Taxila museum is located in Taxila Punjab Pakistan which is the most famous museum and one of the oldest in Pakistan. It is an archaeological and historical museum. The artifacts displayed in the museum are of very high value and represent the complete collection of Gandhara art and civilization dating from 1S t at 7th centuries CE. Most of the objects in the collection represent the ancient culture as well as the history of the area, including stone, stucco, terracotta, silver, gold, iron, and semi-precious stones. The Buddhist, Hindu and Jain religions are well represented through these objects.